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Nutanix Calm DSL – Generating VM Specs

Nutanix Calm DSL - Generating VM Specs

In our most recent article, titled Nutanix Calm DSL – Creating Custom Blueprint, we talked about a whole bunch of different things. If you haven’t read that article (it is a recommended read), here are the highlights of what was covered.

  • Creating a custom blueprint by manually writing the required Python code
  • Demonstrated how to create secure blueprint credentials
  • Split our blueprint into a modular structure for the required installation scripts
  • Broke our VM specs into modular, easily-manageable YAML files

It’s the last step above that we’re going to look at today. Unlike the last article, this one’s going to be much shorter and will show how we can almost completely avoid the need to manually write a single line of YAML.

Before continuing, please note you will need a connection between your workstation/laptop and your configured Prism Central instance. You’ll see why in a moment.

Spec Example

Shown below is an example of a YAML spec used in the last article. We don’t go into details about what each line does (the last article did that) and will just have this here for reference. This particular spec is for the HA Proxy server from our LAMP application.

categories: {}
name: HAPROXY
resources:
  boot_config:
    boot_device:
      disk_address:
        adapter_type: SCSI
        device_index: 0
  disk_list:
  - data_source_reference:
      kind: app_package
      name: CENTOS_7_CLOUD
    device_properties:
      device_type: DISK
      disk_address:
        adapter_type: SCSI
        device_index: 0
    disk_size_mib: 0
  guest_customization:
    cloud_init:
      user_data: |
        #cloud-config
        users:
        - name: centos
          ssh-authorized-keys:
          - '@@{CENTOS.public_key}@@'
          sudo:
          - ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL
  memory_size_mib: 4096
  nic_list:
  - ip_endpoint_list: []
    network_function_nic_type: INGRESS
    nic_type: NORMAL_NIC
    subnet_reference:
      kind: subnet
      uuid: f5606fed-2c33-45e8-9ccf-303db6eb93d8
  num_sockets: 2
  num_vcpus_per_socket: 2

One Command to Rule Them All

What if we don’t want to “mess around” and manually create our provider specs? As you’ll see in both this article and other upcoming articles, the Nutanix Calm engineering team has taken considerable time to make sure the most useful functions are available in the Calm DSL.

Take a look at the command below:

calm create provider_spec

Pretty simple, right? By default, that command will walk through the generation of a valid Calm DSL provider spec in YAML format, without needing to know any YAML yourself. Let’s take a look:

The first part of going through “calm create provider_spec”

Looking at the screenshot above, we can see the sorts of information the DSL will prompt for when generating the YAML provider spec. It’s also where we can circle back to a comment I made earlier; when running the command, you must have a connection to your configured Prism Central instance. Why? If you look closely, you’ll see the DSL has presented us with numbered choices at each step, choices that are generated on the fly by requesting entity lists from Prism Central. Without a connection to Prism Central, the entity lists would fail.

For the sake of simplicity, I’ve broken the full output of the command into two parts. The second part is shown below – the complete YAML spec based on our inputs.

The complete generated YAML spec based on our inputs

From here it’s simply a case of taking the generated YAML above and adding it to a YAML spec file ready for use in the blueprint. This process is outlined in the previous article, Nutanix Calm – Creating Custom Blueprint.

One Important Note

At this point it’s important to note the YAML spec above is specifically for AHV. This is the same as if we’d run the command below. In other words, if you don’t specify a provider type, AHV is assumed.

calm create provider_spec --type AHV_VM

If we pass the -h or –help switch to the command, we can easily see the supported provider types:

List of supported Calm DSL provider types

Purely as an example, and with the output truncated, let’s look at what happens if we tell the DSL to create an AWS VM provider spec:

Using the Calm DSL to generate an AWS VM provider spec (output truncated)

Wrapping Up

Based on this reasonably quick article, you can see how the Calm engineering team has built features that mean writing code isn’t always needed. In fact, one of our engineering VPs recently said “Humans should use the DSL”. I think that sums up the DSL’s intentions perfectly.

For more information on the Calm DSL, please see the Calm DSL GitHub repository, although more information will be added to Nutanix.dev in the coming days and weeks.

Thanks for reading and have a great day! 🙂

SSH PUBLIC KEY

Copy the SSH public key below.  In BASH shell environments, for example, this file could be saved to ~/.ssh/nutanix_demo.pub

ssh-rsa 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 no-reply@acme.com